Worms in cats may include; roundworms, tapeworms, hookworms and less commonly, heartworms. Symptoms of worms in cats can be difficult to detect, but often include the following:
- Weight loss
- Pot belly
- Poor coat quality
Treatment is usually fully effective, but the appropriate medication differs for different worms. For this reason, the best way to diagnose and treat worms in cats is by visiting a vet.
Cat fleas are a common problem that can lead to significant discomfort if left untreated. Serious infestations are especially nasty and can even cause your cat to become anaemic due to blood loss.
Fleas on cats often lead to the following symptoms:
- Excessive scratching and biting
- Hair loss
- Flea droppings
Over the counter cat flea treatments include spot-on drops, cat flea shampoo, and flea collars. These are more effective if you also treat your home for fleas by vacuuming your carpets, furniture and bedding more frequently. If the flea problem doesn’t improve, you should visit your vet who may recommend prescription flea treatment.
Ticks are parasites often found in grassy and wooded areas that attach themselves to animals and gorge on their blood. Ticks are more likely to latch onto your cat during the spring and summer and can be found anywhere on the body, especially around the head, neck, ears and feet. These parasites can also transmit diseases between cats (and humans) such as Lyme disease. Contact your vet if your cat shows signs of fever, appetite loss, anaemia or jaundice.
Ticks on cats can lead to the following symptoms:
- Blood loss
- Skin irritation
- Skin infections
Contact your vet if your cat is showing any serious symptoms.
Vaccinations help to safeguard your cat from potentially lethal diseases and prevent them from spreading to other cats and humans. Kittens are usually protected from many infectious diseases courtesy of their vaccinated mother’s milk. This protection won’t last forever and so kittens should be vaccinated once they reach 9 to 12 weeks old.
Cats should be vaccinated against the following diseases:
- Feline Leukaemia virus
- Herpes virus
- Infectious enteritis