Dogs bark for various reasons: to threaten intruders, to warn of danger, to play or just to express their curiosity. But whatever the reason, barking ultimately allows a dog to draw attention to itself and demands that others take notice. Of course, barking can sometimes be very helpful, but more often than not it's a bit annoying for us humans. Here are a few methods for limiting how much your dog barks:
Train your dog to stop barking by giving the “quiet” command in a low, calm voice. As soon as your dog stops barking, praise him and give him a treat -- just make sure you don't reward him while he's still barking. Your dog will soon make the association between receiving a treat and stopping to bark at the "quiet" command.
It's important that you neither encourage nor reward your dog for barking. If your dog barks for attention when you return home, ignore him completely until he stops barking. Likewise, if your dog begins to bark for food, or to be let outside, do not even make eye contact with him until he stops and sits quietly. Once the barking stops, give your dog what he wants and praise him for his obedience.
Training your pet to go to the bathroom in the right place and at the right time is a fundamental part of owning any animal. To start house training your dog, you will first need to establish a designated spot outside for him to go and do his business. Once he's finished eating or sleeping, wait a few minutes before taking him to the spot and wait there until he goes. Praise your dog after every successful attempt and keep repeating the process until he has learned to go alone.
You should try and take your dog outside every two to three hours until he learns to go to the bathroom outside. Once outside, take your dog to the same designated spot each time, and praise him every time he goes. Remember that most dogs behave differently when they need the toilet. Look for cues such as pacing, moving in circles, sniffing and crouching, which often indicate the imminent call of nature.
If you are away from your house-training dog for multiple hours at a time, it is a good idea to keep him in a crate or in a room with paper lining across the floor to discourage any toilet attempts and to limit any mess.
Always keep in mind that accidents do happen when house training your dog. If you spot your dog about to have an accident, clap your hands and firmly say "no". If he stops what he's doing you should take him outside straight away, and praise him if he does his business there instead. If your dog ignores you, or if you're too late, it's important not to get angry or to blame your dog as he's still only learning. Clean up the mess with cleaner as soon as possible to get rid of the scent, and to make sure your dog doesn't associate that spot with going to the bathroom.
One of the most effective ways of teaching a dog to sit is by using the 'treat trick'. Simply stand directly in front of your dog so that he’s focused on what you're doing. Hold out a treat near your dog's nose so that he notices it and begins to think about how he might get it. Once you have his complete attention, begin moving the treat above his head, all the while making sure he doesn't pinch the treat from your hand. As you move the treat above his head, his back end should begin to lower to a sitting position. As he does this, give the “sit” command, and reward him with the treat and plenty of praise once he's fixed in the sitting position. Try repeating this trick a few times a day until he eventually listens to your command without needing a treat.